Paul III

(Alessandro Farnese; r. 1534-1549)
   Paul III was born in Canino in the province of Viterbo in 1468 and received a humanist education in Rome, Florence, and Pisa. He obtained the post of cardinal-deacon in 1493 from Pope Alexander VI whose mistress was Giulia Farnese, Paul III's sister. Paul himself had a mistress who bore him three sons and a daughter. Upon ascending the papal throne, he set up a humanist court composed of artists, writers, and scholars. He also hosted masquerades and feasts, and in 1536 restored the practice of celebrating carnival. His appointment of his two teenage grandsons to the cardinalate in 1534 provoked protests within the curia. Nepotistic practices aside, Paul was a hard worker. He recognized the need to address the spread of Protestantism and to enact church reform. To this end he convoked a general council, revitalized the sacred college, and set up a commission to examine the state of the Church that became the basis for the work carried out by the Council of Trent. He also encouraged the reform of religious orders and the formation of new ones, including the Theatines and Ursulines. He was the one to approve the formation of the Jesuit Order and to establish the Congregation of the Roman Inquisition. Paul was depicted on two occasions by Titian: in 1543 (Toledo, Cathedral Museum) and in 1546 with his grandsons Alessandro and Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma (Naples, Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte). Under Paul, Michelangelo painted the Last Judgment in the Sistine Chapel (1536-1541) and the frescoes in the Pauline Chapel at the Vatican (1542-1550), this last built by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger in 1537-1540. Sangallo also built for Paul the Palazzo Farnese, Rome (c. 1513-c. 1589) while still a cardinal, and Michelangelo built the Piazza del Campidoglio (1538-1564) and began the construction of New St. Peter's (1546).

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Paul III —     Pope Paul III     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Paul III     (ALESSANDRO FARNESE).     Born at Rome or Canino, 29 Feb., 1468; elected, 12 Oct., 1534; died at Rome, 10 Nov., 1549. The Farnese were an ancient Roman family whose possessions… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • PAUL III — PAUL III, ALESSANDRO FARNÈSE (1468 1549) pape (1534 1549) Élevé à Rome et à la cour de Laurent le Magnifique à Florence, nommé cardinal à vingt cinq ans par Alexandre VI, en 1493, Alessandro Farnèse cumulait de nombreux bénéfices ecclésiastiques …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Paul III — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alessandro Farnese et Cardinal Farnèse. Pour les autres membres de la famille, voir : Maison Farnèse. Paul III Pape de l’Église catholique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paul III. — Papst Paul III., Gemälde von Tizian Wappen von Papst Paul III …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paul III — (Alessandro Farnese) 1468 1549, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1534 49. * * * orig. Alessandro Farnese born Feb. 29, 1468, Canino, Papal States died Nov. 10, 1549, Rome Pope (1534–49). The son of a noble Tuscan family, he was made a cardinal deacon… …   Universalium

  • Paul III — (1468–1549)    Pope.    Paul was born Alessandro Farnese. He became a Cardinal Deacon in 1493; he was dean of the Sacred College under Pope Leo X and he was elected Pope in 1534. He cannot be described as a saintly figure. Despite the injunction… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Paul III — /pɔl/ (say pawl) noun (Alessandro Farnese), 1468–1549, Italian ecclesiastic; pope 1534–49 …   Australian English dictionary

  • Paul III — noun Italian pope from 1534 to 1549 who excommunicated Henry VIII of England in 1538 and initiated the Council of Trent in 1545; was active in the Counter Reformation and promoted the Society of Jesus for this purpose (1468 1549) • Syn:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Paul III, Pope — • Pope who reigned from 1468 to 1534 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Paul III. Anton Fürst Esterházy — Fürst Paul III. Anton Esterhazy von Galantha Paul III. Anton, Fürst Esterházy de Galantha (* 10. März 1786 in Wien; † 21. Mai 1866 in Regensburg) war Diplomat und ungarischer Staatsmann im Dienste der Habsburger. Paul III. Anton trat in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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